Introducing the UK

The United Kingdom is made up of four countries, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Its full name is actually the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, though many people refer to it simply as the UK.

Great Britain is an island within the United Kingdom, made up of three countries, England, Scotland and Wales.

Northern Ireland is connected to the Republic of Ireland, though the Republic of Ireland is a separate state and is not part of the United Kingdom.

Although some of these countries have their own national flag, the United Kingdom is represented by the Union flag, more commonly known as the union Jack.

The population of the United Kingdom as of 2016 is 65 million. This number has increased by 10 million (over 18%) in the previous fifty years.

The United Kingdom has seen much of its growth from immigration, formerly from members of the British Empire and more recently from expansion in the European Union.

The result is that the United Kingdom is a multi-cultural society, with a large number of spoken languages, faiths and social cultures.

London is the capital city of England and also the capital city of the United Kingdom. It has a population of over eight million people.

As well as being home to the Houses of Parliament and the current UK government, London is also the official home of the Royal family. You can normally find the reigning monarch at the official residence of Buckingham Palace.

In the video we will look at aspects of the different cultures practiced in the United Kingdom, hoping to give you some valuable insights into how the locals act. It may come in useful for you during your time in the United Kingdom.

Although we are talking about the UK as a whole, when talking about the culture of the UK the term ‘British Culture’ is often used, even though this is technically inaccurate.



Project number: 543336-LLP-1-2013-1-DE-KA2-KA2MP - This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.